Tulip tree, also known as tulip poplar is Indiana’s state tree. It’s also an attractive, landscape-friendly shade tree that grows at a decent pace and is native to Indiana. Plus it has cool-looking flowers that are a huge hit with bumblebees! It’s a winner all around, as long as you have the space and sun it needs.
Tulip tree became the Indiana state tree in 1931. It was selected for its stately size and form and because it can be found all over the state in mature forests. Tulip trees can become truly massive with trunks over 4’ across. The record-holder for Indiana has a trunk diameter of 280”, or nearly 7.5’ in diameter, and is over 100’ tall. Native Americans used the large trunks to make dugout canoes, and the wood is sometimes used to build furniture today. While tulip trees don’t have many serious pest or disease problems, when they’re under stress they can become susceptible to aphids and tulip tree scale. If you see sticky residue on leaves or on the ground under the tree, take a look at younger stems for tan lumps or aphids, and contact a tree care professional or landscape company with tree experience for diagnosis and treatment.
Common Name: Tulip Tree or Tulip Poplar
Scientific Name: Liriodendron tulipifera
Light: full sun
Size: 60-90’ tall, 30-50’ wide
Bloom Time and Color: green tulip-shaped flowers with cream and orange markings in early summer
Notable Varieties: ‘Majestic Beauty’ (variegated leaves with chartreuse margins
Soil: tolerates clay soil
Other Notes: good golden-yellow fall color, pyramidal form, native to Indiana